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Emergency Contraception

“Emergency Contraception” (EC) is the term applied to a very high dosage of hormones (40 to 50 times stronger than a daily “birth control” pill) taken within 72 hours of unprotected sexual activity. Proponents of EC claim it will prevent unintended pregnancy, but if fertilization has occurred prior to using EC, it will cause the abortion of a human embryo.

There are three possible ways that EC can work:

1. It can prevent ovulation (the release of the unfertilized egg cell from the ovary). Without ovulation, there is no egg to be fertilized and pregnancy is avoided.

2. It can prevent fertilization.

3. It can prevent implantation of the new developing human embryo in the lining of the uterus. In other words, it can cause an early abortion.

Supporters of EC repeatedly deny that it will cause an early abortion, but that position flies against established medical fact. EC supporters who deny its abortion-causing action do so by redefining when human life begins. In other words, they reject the scientific fact that human life begins with the union of a the sperm and the egg (fertilization) and claim that conception occurs only when the tiny human embryo implants in the uterine wall (implantation).

Here are some other reasons to be concerned about EC:

EC in no way stops or protects against the transmission of sexually transmitted diseases. It is not a “magic pill” that makes the consequences of sexual activity go away – and those consequences often include STDs that will be with you for life.

Users of the drug are not being properly informed about the potential abortifacient action of the drug. If this drug is taken after fertilization has occurred, but before the newly formed human embryo implants in the uterine wall, it will cause an early abortion by blocking the embryo from implantation.

Numerous reports from countries where EC has been used for some time, that EC has little or no statistical impact on pregnancy or abortion rates. In fact, one study from the UK shows that abortion rates have risen with widespread distribution of EC.

EC places pharmacists under fire. Pharmacists across the country are quickly finding that new abortion-causing drugs are placing them squarely on the front lines of the abortion debate. In Southern Illinois, for example, four pharmacists were recently forced to file a lawsuit after being placed on unpaid leave by Walgreens when they refused to violate their personal consciences by dispensing so-called “morning-after” pills. Walgreens officials claim they were forced into the action because of an executive order by Illinois Governor Rod Blagojevich that demands that all pharmacists in the state fill all prescriptions, even if it’s a prescription for an abortion-causing drug.

Sexual predators will rely on EC to “cover their tracks”. Easy over-the-counter access to EC is a sexual predator’s dream come true and will lead to intense pressure on young girls by older boys and men to use EC, claiming that it will remove any consequences of sexual activity.

EC carries none of the counseling safeguards that normal birth control pill require. Birth control pills are available by prescription only for sound medical reasons: They can cause significant or life-threatening conditions such as blood clots and heart attacks. Birth control pills are contraindicated for women with diabetes, liver problems, heart disease, breast cancer, deep vein thrombosis, and for women who smoke and are over 35. A medical exam is necessary to ensure that none of these contraindications exists. For example, according to the Centers for Disease Control, approximately 1.85 million women of reproductive age (18-44) have diabetes; approximately 500,000 do not know that they have the disease.” By contrast, users of EC are not required to have a medical exam or any of the common sense safeguards.

Lack of scientific studies examining risks. There is a clear lack of scientific studies on the long-term-effects of Plan B with respect to high dosage and repeated use in both women and adolescents. While the patient package directions on Plan B state it is not to be used more than twice a month, the directions and promotions of Plan B state it is also to be used in emergencies.2 These emergencies include unprotected sex and the failure of other birth control devices–factors that may arise more than twice a month.

STD rates have skyrocketed in countries where Plan B has been deregulated. Since becoming available in the United Kingdom in 2001, Plan B usage among teenage girls has more than doubled. STDs with sharp increases include chlamydia and gonorrhea, with the highest increases in 16 to 19 year olds.3 Because STD’s such as chlamydia can cause infertility in women, the impact that increased access to and usage of Plan B has on STD rates could have a direct causal relationship to increased future infertility rates of U.S. women.

Link of Plan B to ectopic pregnancy. Statements from the World Health Organization and leading medical officials taken together provide a warning that increased risk of ectopic pregnancy exists with Plan B usage.6 Additionally, common physical side-effects a woman experiences following Plan B usage often mimic ectopic pregnancy symptoms, including cramping and severe pain. Consequently, there is valid concern for Plan B usage to actually mask ectopic pregnancy, an acute, life-threatening condition.

Supporters of emergency contraception are playing semantics with the language, and that is why they are so deceptive. This is a decades-old controversy. Until the mid-1960’s it was universally accepted that fertilization was the beginning of pregnancy. Under political pressure intended to accommodate abortion-causing drugs, a new definition of pregnancy moved the beginning of pregnancy from fertilization to implantation, but the semantics do nothing to change medical fact – physical human life begins at the point when a human egg is fertilized by a human sperm. At that point, a unique human being has been created that will continue to develop until birth unless that process is interrupted by a spontaneous miscarriage or an abortion.

It will take approximately 7 to 10 days for the newly formed human embryo to implant in the uterine wall. If that human embryo is prevented from implantation through the use of a drug like an emergency contraceptive, it is being aborted.